Efficacy of Metarhizium anisopliae in the control of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae), under natural infestation conditions

Carlos Cruz-Vázquez, Juan Carvajal-Márquez, Roberto Lezama-Gutiérrez, Irene Vitela-Mendoza, Cesar Andrés Ángel-Sahagún

Abstract


Veterinaria México OA
ISSN: 2448-6760

Cite this as:

  • Cruz Vázquez C, Carvajal Márquez J, Lezama Gutiérrez R, Vitela Mendoza I, Ángel Sahagún CA. Efficacy of Metarhizium anisopliae in the control of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae), under natural infestation conditions. Veterinaria México OA. 2017;4(2). doi: 10.21753/vmoa.4.2.384.

The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae strain 134 (Ma134), for dairy cattle naturally infested with Haematobia irritans (L.) An aqueous formulation of 1 x 108 conidia/ml was applied by aspersion on a group of eight cows every seven days for a total of four applications, while a control group was sprayed with the same solution without conidial content. The degree of horn fly infestation was estimated daily in both groups by the direct count of adult flies found resting or feeding on the animals, and Abbott’s formula was used to calculate the effectiveness of the formulation. The Ma134 formulation resulted in a 68.6 % reduction of the fly infestation during the study period, and a significant reduction was observed from the first week post-application (p < 0.05). The results show that the Ma134 formulation is effective in reducing infestations of horn fly, H. irritans, on dairy cattle under natural conditions. Thus, the fungus, Ma134, can be considered a candidate for biological control for the integrated management of H. irritans.

Figure 1. Infestation index of horn flies, Haematobia irritans, on cows treated with the aqueous formulation of Ma134

Keywords


Haematobia irritans, Metarhizium anisopliae, natural infestation, biological control

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21753/vmoa.4.2.384

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